2nd Grade ELA (English/Language Arts) Standards
Reading Literature (Fiction)
RL.2.1 Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text
RL.2.2 Recount stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures, and determine their central message, lesson, or moral.
RL.2.3 Describe how characters in a story respond to major events and challenges.
RL.2.4 Describe how words and phrases supply rhythm and meaning in a story, poem, or song.
RL.2.5 Describe the overall structure of a story, including describing how the beginning introduces the story, the events unfold in the middle, and the ending concludes the action.
RL.2.6 Distinguish differences in the points of view of characters, including by speaking in a different voice for each character when reading dialogue aloud.
RL.2.7 Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot.
RL.2.9 Compare and contrast two or more versions of the same story by different authors or from different cultures.
RL.2.10 By the end of grade 2, read and understand literature within the 2-3 text complexity band proficiently and independently for sustained periods of time. Connect prior knowledge and experiences to text.
Reading Informational (Non-Fiction)
RI.2.1 Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.
RI.2.2 Identify the main topic of a multi-paragraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text.
RI.2.3 Describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text.
RI.2.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2 topic or subject area.
RI.2.5 Know and use various text features to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently.
RI.2.6 Identify the author’s main purpose of a text, including what the author wants to answer, explain, or describe.
RI.2.8 Identify the reasons an author gives to support ideas in a text.
RI.2.9 Compare and contrast the most important points presented by two texts on the same topic
RI.2.10 By the end of grade 2, read and understand informational texts within the 2-3 text complexity band proficiently and independently for sustained periods of time. Connect prior knowledge and experiences to text.
Reading Foundational Skills
RF.2.2 Print all upper- and lowercase letters legibly and proportionally.
RF.2.4 Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words. a. Distinguish long and short vowels when reading regularly spelled one-syllable words. b. Know spelling-sound correspondences for additional common vowel teams. c. Decode regularly spelled two-syllable words with long vowels. d. Decode words with common prefixes and suffixes. e. Identify words with inconsistent but common spelling-sound correspondences. f. Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.
RF.2.5 Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. a. Read on-level text with purpose and understanding. b. Read on-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings. c. Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary
W.2.1 Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply reasons that support the opinion, use linking words to connect opinion and reasons, and provide a concluding statement or section. a. With guidance and support from adults, organize information and ideas around a topic to plan and prepare to write. b. With guidance and support from adults and peers, focus on a topic and strengthen writing as needed by revising and editing.
W.2.2 Write informative /explanatory texts in which they introduce a topic, use facts and definitions to develop points, and provide a concluding statement or section. a. With guidance and support from adults, organize information and ideas around a topic to plan and prepare to write. b. With guidance and support from adults and peers, focus on a topic and strengthen writing as needed by revising and editing.
W.2.3 Write narratives in which they recount a well-elaborated event or short sequence of events, include details to describe actions, thoughts, and feelings, use temporal transition words to signal event order, and provide a sense of closure. a. With guidance and support from adults, organize information and ideas around a topic to plan and prepare to write. b. With guidance and support from adults and peers, focus on a topic and strengthen writing as needed by revising and editing
W.2.4 With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of digital tools and resources to produce and publish writing, including in collaboration with peers.
W.2.5 Participate in shared research and writing projects.
W.2.6 Recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.
Speaking and Listening
SL2.1 Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about grade 2 topics and texts
SL2.2 Recount or describe key ideas or details from a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media
SL2.3 Ask and answer questions about what a speaker says in order to clarify comprehension, gather additional information, or deepen understanding of a topic or issue
SL2.4 Tell a story or recount an experience with appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details, speaking audibly in complete sentences
SL2.5 Create audio recordings or stories or poems, add drawings or other visual displays to stories or recounts of experiences when appropriate to clarify ideas, thoughts and feelings
Nouns: Explain the function of, use collective nouns, form and use frequently occurring regular and irregular plural nouns
Verbs: Explain the function of, form and use past tense or regular and irregular verbs, for and use simple verb tenses
Adjectives: explain the function of, accurately choose an adjective
Conjunctions: explain the function of, use coordinating and subordinating conjunctions
Adverbs: accurately choose which to use, explain the function of adverbs, form and use comparative adverbs
Sentences: produce expand, and rearrange simple and compound sentences
Prepositions: Explain the function of prepositions
Pronouns: Explain the functions of pronouns, continue to use personal, possessive, and indefinite pronouns
Capitalization: capitalize holidays, capitalize product names, capitalize geographic names, capitalize appropriate words in titles, use correct capitalization
Punctuation: Use of commas in lists and letters, use of quotation marks, use of apostrophe
Spelling: Use conventional spelling for high frequency words, use spelling patterns when writing
Reference: Use dictionaries and thesauruses to spell and change words